INTRODUCTION
COOMET is a regional organisation originally establishing cooperation of national metrology institutions of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. It was founded in June, 1991 and renamed in Euro-Asian Cooperation of National Metrological Institutions in May, 2000. COOMET is open for any metrology institutions from other regions to join as associate members.
Now the members of COOMET are metrology institutions from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China (Associate Member), Bosnia and Herzegovina (Associate Member), Bulgaria, Georgia, Germany (Associate Member), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, DPR of Korea (Associate Member), Cuba (Associate Member), Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Romania, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkey (Associate Member), Uzbekistan and Ukraine.
The objectives of COOMET are as follows:
  • assistance in effective addressing the problems relating to uniformity of measures, uniformity of measurements and the required accuracy of their results;
  • assistance in promoting cooperation of national economies and eliminating technical barriers in international trade;
  • harmonisation of activities of metrology services of Euro-Asian countries with similar activities in other regions.
C strictly adheres to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and Rules of Procedure in any of its activities.
The basic activity of COOMET is cooperation in the following areas: measurement standards of physical quantities, legal metrology, quality management systems, information and training.
COOMET countries cooperate in the following subject fields:
  • General questions concerning measurements (general metrology);
  • Acoustics, ultrasound, vibration;
  • Electricity and magnetism;
  • Flow measurement;
  • Length and angle;
  • Mass and related quantities;
  • Photometry and radiometry;
  • Physical chemistry;
  • Ionising radiation and radioactivity;
  • Thermometry and thermal physics;
  • Time and frequency;
  • Reference materials;
  • Legal metrology;
  • Quality management systems;
  • Information and information technology;
  • Training and raising proficiency level of experts;
  • Joint research in the field of metrology.
The supreme body of COOMET is the COOMET Committee consisting of Heads of national metrology institutions from COOMET Member Countries, or their representatives. The Committee organises and promotes cooperation. The Committee meets at least once a year.
The COOMET President is elected by the Committee from among its Members for a three year period with an option of one more term of office. The President provides the COOMET Secretariat by using resources of his/her own institution.
The President proposes candidates of COOMET Vice-Presidents from among the Members of the Committee for further approval by the Committee. The President, Vice-Presidents and Head of the COOMET Secretariat constitute the COOMET Presidents Council, which decides upon the COOMET policy, interacts with international and regional metrology organisations, coordinates cooperation in the period between the Committee meetings and distinguishes problems to be discussed at these meetings.
Organisation of work in the basic fields and directions of cooperation is the major task of the Structural Bodies of COOMET (the Joint Committee, Technical Committees, and Quality Forum).
The Committee Members appoint their representatives to the Structural Bodies of COOMET (Technical Committees, Quality Forum), which become official Structural Bodies members. Those official Structural Bodies members propose a candidate for the position of the Chairperson of a Structural Body for its further approval by the COOMET Committee.
The Structural Bodies can establish Subcommittees (SCs) for working on routine tasks of cooperation and Working Groups (WGs) within corresponding SCs/TCs for carrying out specific work on COOMET projects.
The official languages for the COOMET meetings and documents are Russian and English.
C has no financial assets of its own.
By its scope of cooperation COOMET belongs to organisations of a multi-purpose type.
The activities of COOMET are carried out in line with the Conception of Cooperation and Related Activities of COOMET approved in 2005 and COOMET Development Programmes for a period of two or three years approved by the COOMET Committee.
An important prerequisite of COOMET effectiveness is the collaboration in all fields of activities. Jointly realised projects are the core elements of the COOMET Working Programme.
Nowadays the main attention is paid to the cooperation in the field of measurement standards, in particular to the implementation of the CIPM Arrangement on Mutual Recognition of National Measurement Standards and Calibration and Measurement Certificates Issued by National Metrology Institutes (CIPM MRA). Therefore, the majority of the COOMET projects are dedicated to the preparation of information on calibration and measurement capabilities (CMC), participation in key comparisons of national measurement standards organised by CIPM and organisation of regional comparisons of measurement standards, as well as creation and implementation of Quality Management Systems of the National Metrology Institutes and Designated Institutes of COOMET Member Countries.
The subjects of cooperation of COOMET Member Countries in the field of legal metrology encompasses a broad range of problems, starting with harmonisation of the national requirements in the area of legal metrology in the Member Countries and finishing with such applied problems as testing of software for measuring instruments, control of prepackages.
C activities in the field of information support and training are also substantially related to the implementation of the CIPM MRA (e.g. in developing software for the CMC database and comparisons of measurement standards of the NMIs and Designated Institutes of COOMET Member Countries). It is also aimed at the exchange of training programmes for experts in the area of metrology, development of exchange programmes for experts in COOMET countries, determination of criteria for assessing scientific papers of young metrologists, etc. An important activity is the holding (once every two years) of the contest "The Best Young Metrologist of COOMET".
COOMET is a member of the Joint Committee of the Regional Metrology Organisations and the BIPM (JCRB), as well as keeps close relations with OIML according to the Agreement with the International Bureau of Legal Metrology (BIML) signed in 1993.
COOMET cooperates with the following Regional Metrology Organizations:
  • European Association of National Metrology Institutes (EURAMET),
  • Asia-Pacific Metrology Programme (APMP),
  • Intra-African Metrology System (AFRIMETS),
  • Inter-American Metrology System (SIM),
  • GULF Association for Metrology (GULFMET).
Based on mutual interests, COOMET also cooperates with metrology organisations such as:
  • European Cooperation in Legal Metrology (WELMEC),
  • Asia-Pacific Legal Metrology Forum (APLMF),
  • Euro Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC),
  • National Conference of Standards Laboratories International (NCSLI),
  • Interational Measurement Confederation (IMEKO).
COOMET is a joint forum of metrologists of Euro-Asian region, effectively working regional metrology organisation which successfully fulfils its tasks according to approved long term programmes. Cooperation within COOMET and its results allow its Member Countries to successfully solve metrological issues the national economies face under the conditions of market globalisation.